The restrictions for e-commerce foreign operators under the Indian FDI policy
India has the second-largest internet userbase in the world, only behind China in terms of numbers, with more than 475 million users. Indeed, India has experienced a rapid growth in smartphones and internet connectivity across the country, especially in tier-2 and tier-3 cities, which has lead to the overall development of the e-comm...
Involved in a Dispute in Italy? Go to Arbitration
During the last decades, Italy has encouraged companies and individual to resolve their disputes through alternative disputes resolution methods, instead of opting for claiming their rights before Courts.
More specifically, regarding the arbitration, the Italian Civil Procedure Code provides that the parties to a contract may deci...
The 4th Amendment of Trademark Law Takes Stronger Position: Regulating Malicious Hoarding Applications, Increasing the Amount of Compensation for Infringement, Punishing Malicious Registration and Litigation
On April 23, 2019, at the 10th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress, a decision was adopted to amend the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China ("Trademark Law"). The amended provisions will come into effect on November 1, 2019, which is the fourth revision of the Trademark Law after 1993,...
High-end property in Vietnam attracts foreign investors
With such robust economic growth in the past several years, Vietnam is now considered a top destination for foreign buyers purchasing houses, most notably nationals from Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and mainland China. The demand for investment in properties in Vietnam has increased significantly since 2015 when property ownership...
The Latest Amendment of AUCL of China
On 23rd April,2019, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) amended the Anti-Unfair Competition Law of the People's Republic of China (AUCL) which has been passed just over a year since the last amendment on 4th November, 2017. This amendment focuses on the protection of business secrets, but how will this am...
WTO Appellate Body Crisis: Stuck Between a Rock and a Hard Place
By Shane Farrelly
Thirteen members of the World Trade Organization— including the European Union — met in Ottawa in October to discuss the increasing need for reform of the international body. The ‘Ottawa 13’ proposed focusing primarily on reforming the body’s monitoring function, strengthening its dispu...
Land Rover vs Jiangling: Has Justice Finally been Served in Chinese Court?
A three-year-long court battle has finally drawn to an end between Jaguar Land Rover Corporate (“Land Rover”) and Jiangling Holdings. Co., ltd (“Jiangling”). Beijing Chaoyang District Court ruled that five major features of the Lufeng X7 built by Jiangling in China had directly copied the design of Land Rover Range Rover Evoq...
There is only one Vespa: the Turin Court of Appeal protects the 3D trademark and confirm the exclusive right of Piaggio
The Vespa design has been known since its inception in 1946 for its creative character and artistic value as an icon of Italian way of life. It is one of the most popular motorbike and consequently it’s been imitated and copied by competitors throughout the years.
The sentence is the final act of a dispute originated in 2013 wh...
Recent developments for the smartphone market in India
India is one of the most popular destinations for smartphone companies, having as many mobile users as the entire population of the United States.
Therefore, it is not surprising that India currently currently stands as one of the largest mobile phone manufacturers in the world, second only to China. After having registered an imp...
Outward FDI From China: A New Direction for a New China
Outbound foreign direct investment (FDI) from China slowed significantly in 2017, as more stringent controls were placed on certain types of capital outflow. As China’s outward investments mature and develop to adjust to the country’s current trajectory, Veronica Gianola and Shane Farrelly of ...